Thomas Jadlowski pleaded not guilty in Chautauqua County Court, where a judge set bail at $50,000. Jadlowski, 34, could face five to 15 years in prison if convicted.
State Department of Environmental Conservation Commissioner Basil Seggos said Jadlowski was "being held accountable for his dangerous and reckless conduct when he fired a shot in the dark, causing this terrible tragedy."
Rosemary Billquist, a hospital worker and hospice volunteer, was killed by a .35-caliber round from a high-powered hunting pistol fired from about 200 yards away. Billquist, 43, had been walking her two yellow Labradors in a field behind her home in Sherman at about 5:20 p.m. on Thanksgiving eve.
Authorities said the shooting happened after dark, when it's illegal to hunt deer.
"There is no allegation that this was intentional in any way," District Attorney Patrick Swanson said at a news conference with the Department of Environmental Conservation and the county sheriff's office, whose joint investigation resulted in a two-count grand jury indictment.
But the fatal shooting, Swanson said, was "completely avoidable."
Jadlowski heard Billquist cry out after firing, ran to her and called 911, investigators said. Rescue crews arrived within minutes of the call but found Billquist unresponsive. She was taken to an Erie, Pennsylvania, hospital, where she died.
Jadlowski has not publicly commented on what happened, and a phone listing for him has been out of service.
Hundreds of people attended Billquist's funeral on Wednesday.
"This tragic event," Sheriff Joseph Gerace said, "should never have happened."
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